Bioprospecting--the exchange of plants for corporate promises of royalties or community development assistance--has been lauded as a way to develop new medicines while offering southern nations and indigenous communities an incentive to preserve their rich biodiversity. But can pharmaceutical profits really advance conservation and indigenous rights? How much should companies pay and to whom? Who stands to gain and lose? The first anthropological study of the practices mobilized in the name and in the shadow of bioprospecting, this book takes us into the unexpected sites where Mexican scientists and American companies venture looking for medicinal plants and local knowledge.
Cori Hayden tracks bioprospecting's contentious new promise--and the contradictory activities generated in its name. Focusing on a contract involving Mexico's National Autonomous University, Hayden examines the practices through which researchers, plant vendors, rural collectors, indigenous cooperatives, and other actors put prospecting to work. By paying unique attention to scientific research, she provides a key to understanding which people and plants are included in the promise of "selling biodiversity to save it"--and which are not. And she considers the consequences of linking scientific research and rural "enfranchisement" to the logics of intellectual property.
Roving across UN protocols, botanical collecting histories, Mexican nationalist agendas, neoliberal property regimes, and North-South relations, When Nature Goes Public charts the myriad, emergent publics that drive and contest the global market in biodiversity and its futures.
"This is an innovative and fascinating study that powerfully illustrates what the new generation of anthropologists trained in science studies can do. Using a combination of textual, historical, and above all ethnographic methodology, Hayden has produced a thought-provoking analysis of bio-prospecting as it plays out in real time. Her energetic writing and strong story line make this a compelling book."--Rayna Rapp, New York University
"Skillfully negotiating politically charged terrain, When Nature Goes Public challenges romantic views of biodiversity and the associated reification of local communities. In so doing, Cori Hayden illustrates how the science of plant genetic resources and the markets for them emerge as contingent products of specific cultural and political practices. With admirable critical balance, she explores the shifting and unpredictable lines between private rights and public properties in global environmental politics and illustrates the law of unintended consequences at work in neoliberal efforts to value indigenous knowledge."--Rosemary J. Coombe, York University
Table of Contents:
List of Figures and Tables ix
List of Abbreviations xi
Author's Note xvii
PART ONE: NEOLIBERAL NATURES
Chapter 1: Interests and Publics: On (Ethno)science and Its Accountabilities 19
Chapter 2: Neoliberalism's Nature 48
Chapter 3: Prospecting in Mexico: Rights, Risk, and Regulation 85
PART TWO: PUBLIC PROSPECTING
Chapter 4: Market Research: When Local Knowledge Is Public Knowledge 125
Chapter 5: By the Side of the Road: The Contours of a Field Site 158
PART THREE: PROSPECTING's PUBLICS
Chapter 6: The Brine Shrimp Assay: Signs of Life, Sites of Value 191
Chapter 7: Presumptions of Interest 213
Chapter 8: Remaking Prospecting's Publics 230