The 9/11 attacks, the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, and the oil boom of recent years have greatly increased the strategic importance of resource-rich Central Asia, making an understanding of its economic--and therefore political--prospects more important than ever. In The Central Asian Economies Since Independence, Richard Pomfret provides a concise and up-to-date analysis of the huge changes undergone by the economies of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The book assesses the economic prospects of each country, and the likelihood that economic conditions will spur major political changes.
With independent chapters on each country, and chapters analyzing their comparative economic performance, the book highlights similarities and differences. Facing common problems caused by the breakdown of Soviet economic relations and the hyperinflation of the early 1990s, these countries have taken widely divergent paths in the transition from Soviet central planning to more market-based economies.
The book ends in 2005 with the bloodless Kyrgyz revolution and the violence in Uzbekistan, which signaled the end of the region's political continuity. Throughout the book, Pomfret emphasizes the economic forces that foster political instability--from Kazakhstan's resource boom and Turkmenistan's lack of reform to Tajikistan's abject poverty.
"Professor Pomfret has produced a much needed systematic account of the contemporary economies of Central Asia."--Albrecht Rothacher, American Economic Journal
"This comprehensive, fact-filled study of post-Soviet Central Asia . . . offers significant insights into these countries' different degrees of dependency on natural resource exploitation (e.g., oil and gas) and agricultural products (e.g., cotton) for integration into the global economy and for long-term economic prosperity. In the process, Pomfret carefully examines varying achievements in political transformation; ethic tensions within and between these countries; past and prospective future economic relations with Russia, China, and other neighboring nations; and numerous, but only partially successful, attempts at creating cooperative arrangements for Central Asian economic integration. . . . Highly recommended."--Choice
"There are few comprehensive accounts of economic change in Central Asia and this is a welcome addition. The book also offers interesting interpretations for these countries' individual trajectories and focuses on the key dilemmas that each country faces."--Sally N. Cummings, Slavic Review
"Richard Pomfret has produced a much needed systematic account of the contemporary economies of Central Asia. Five chapters offer individual country reports, ranging from oil-rich Kazakhstan to war ravished, impoverished Tajikistan. The volume also analyses their relative economic performances; household data identifying winners and losers of the transition; the role of essential natural resources in the region; as well as their regional and global trade patterns and policies; and their--very mixed--record of regional cooperation."--Albrecht Rothacher, Europe Asia Studies
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