Following the Arab Spring, the Muslim Brotherhood achieved a level of influence previously unimaginable. Yet the implications of the Brotherhood's rise and dramatic fall for the future of democratic governance, peace, and stability in the region are disputed and remain open to debate. Drawing on more than one hundred in-depth interviews as well as Arabic-language sources never before accessed by Western researchers, Carrie Rosefsky Wickham traces the evolution of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt from its founding in 1928 to the fall of Hosni Mubarak and the watershed elections of 2011-2012. Highlighting elements of movement continuity and change, Wickham demonstrates that shifts in Islamist worldviews, goals, and strategies are not the result of a single strand of cause and effect, and provides a systematic, fine-grained account of Islamist group evolution in Egypt and the wider Arab world.
In a new afterword, Wickham discusses what has happened in Egypt since Muhammad Morsi was ousted and the Muslim Brotherhood fell from power.
Carrie Rosefsky Wickham is associate professor of political science at Emory University. She is the author of Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism, and Political Change in Egypt.
"The Muslim Brotherhood has been pushed out of power in Egypt and Carrie Rosefsky Wickham . . . might appear to be publishing just too late. In fact, her book still matters."--Gerard Russell, Times Literary Supplement
"[F]ine-grained, historically rich analysis."--Charles Tripp, London Review of Books
"This timely publication emerges from Emory University political scientist Wickham's (Mobilizing Islam) long-term research into the institutional and ideological nuances of 'movement changes' within the Muslim Brotherhood--the Sunni revivalist organization that was the leading opponent of the Mubarak regime in Egypt before the popular uprising of January 2011. . . . This admirable study (based on hundreds of interviews) is a judicious, well-grounded plea for complexity in the depiction and analysis of Islamist movements."--Publishers Weekly
"[The Muslim Brotherhood] is a careful analysis that is meticulous in questioning the data from a position of critical reflection, demonstrating many years of research and experience and a genuine understanding of the region and its complexities by not taking simple statements at face value. . . . The extent to which analysis of this kind can derive valid causal inferences from observed data hinges on the contextual knowledge of the researcher, and it is here that this work truly excels. . . . The Muslim Brotherhood: Evolution of an Islamist Movement is not just a timely new book on a topic of public interest but a fine example of academic research."--Christina Hellmich, Times Higher Education
"[O]utstanding. . . . The Muslim Brotherhood is an essential guide to understanding the historical background of the political crisis in Egypt today."--Joseph Richard Preville, Muscat Daily
"[A] commanding study of the Brotherhood's long history."--Frederick Deknatel, National
Table of Contents:
Note on Transliteration xvii
Chapter One Conceptualizing Islamist Movement Change 1
Chapter Two The Brotherhood's Early Years 20
Chapter Three The Brotherhood's Foray into Electoral Politics 46
Chapter Four The Wasat Party Initiative and the Brotherhood's Response 76
Chapter Five The Brotherhood's Seesaw between Self-Assertion and Self-Restraint 96
Chapter Six Repression and Retrenchment 120
Chapter Seven The Brotherhood and the Egyptian Uprising 154
Chapter Eight Egypt's Islamist Movement in Comparative Perspective 196
Chapter Nine The Muslim Brotherhood in (Egypt's) Transition 247
Afterword to the Paperback Edition 289
List of Interviews 369
Selected Bibliography 373
Another Princeton book authored or coauthored by Carrie Rosefsky Wickham: