International Aid and National Decision
Development Programs in Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia
Leon Gordenker


In more than one hundred developing countries, international organizations continuously offer practical assistance for economic advancement and social change—assistance that in some cases forms a substantial part of national programs. This book examines international aid in three countries-Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia—in order to ascertain how assisting organizations exert influence on member governments.

Professor Gordenker draws on interviews, information usually inaccessible to observers, and his own direct field observation of programs established by the United Nations' system of organizations in the three countries during the late 1960s, immediately after their independence from British administration. This period witnessed sharp changes in national development policies and the political turmoil produced by the Rhodesian revolt. The author analyzes in detail the creation, bureaucratic consideration, and execution of important projects. His conclusions cast doubt on the existence of a reliable process by which international organizations may influence national governments, and he explains why such doubt is well-founded.

First published in 1976.

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