Democracy and International Trade
Britain, France, and the United States, 1860-1990
Daniel Verdier


In this ambitious exploration of how foreign trade policy is made in democratic regimes, Daniel Verdier shows that special interests, party ideologues, and state officials and diplomats act as agents of the voters. Constructing a general theory in which existing theories (rent-seeking, median voting, state autonomy) function as partial explanations, he shows that trade institutions are not fixed entities but products of political competition.

Daniel Verdier is Professor of Political Science at the European University Institute, Florence.