Choosing Your Battles
American Civil-Military Relations and the Use of Force
Peter D. Feaver & Christopher Gelpi
With a new afterword by the authors


America's debate over whether and how to invade Iraq clustered into civilian versus military camps. Top military officials appeared reluctant to use force, the most hawkish voices in government were civilians who had not served in uniform, and everyone was worried that the American public would not tolerate casualties in war. This book shows that this civilian-military argument--which has characterized earlier debates over Bosnia, Somalia, and Kosovo--is typical, not exceptional. Indeed, the underlying pattern has shaped U.S. foreign policy at least since 1816. The new afterword by Peter Feaver and Christopher Gelpi traces these themes through the first two years of the current Iraq war, showing how civil-military debates and concerns about sensitivity to casualties continue to shape American foreign policy in profound ways.

Peter D. Feaver is Alexander F. Hehmeyer Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at Duke University. He is the author of Armed Servants and Guarding the Guardians as well as coeditor of Soldiers and Civilians. Christopher Gelpi is Associate Professor of Political Science at Duke University. He is the author of The Power of Legitimacy (Princeton).